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History Of The
Two Wyoming Companies Under
Col. John Durkee's 4th CT Line
Wyoming Valley Companies
Wyoming Valley, Penn., originally settled by Connecticut people and subsequently designated by the State as Westmoreland Co., Conn., contributed two "Independent Companies" and smaller detachments to the Continental Army of '77. The companies were commanded respectively by Capts. Robert Durkee and Samuel Ransom. They joined Washington's army in New Jersey about Jan. 1, '77, and engaged in the "affairs" of Milstone River and Bound Brook in N.J. as well as in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown in Penn. A detachment of Ransom's Co. under Lieut. Spalding formed part of the garrison at Ft. Mifflin. The companies wintered at Valley Forge, '77-'78, with the Connecticut Regiments. In the spring of '78 rumors of a threatened attack upon Wyoming reached camp and Capts. Durkee and Ransom resigned their commands to return to assist inthe protection of their homes. A few of the men also returned but the companies as such were retained with the army. Under Act of Congress, June 23, '78, the two companies were consolidated into one and placed under command of Lieut. Spalding, lately promoted Captain. In the latter part of June it was ordered to Wyoming, but failed to arrive there before the Indian attack and massacre of July 3, '78(well known in American history), occurred. In that attack settlers and settlements alike were swept away; and among many others who lost their lives were Capts. Durkee and Ransom. Spalding's Co. soon re-entered the Valley, built a new fort and remained there until the FALL OF '80. In the meantime, in the Summer of '79, it joined Sullivan's expedition against the western Indians. Only a small portion of the company appears to have returned to Washington's camp, then in the Hudson Highlands, where it was distributed among the companies of Durkee's regiment in the new formation of 1781-83. These Wyoming men represented and were paid by Connecticut as a part of her Connecticut contingent.
4TH CONNECTICUT


DIVISION: FIRST

BRIGADE: RI BRIGADE

HISTORY: ORGANIZED JANUARY 1777 AT NORWICH FROM NEW LONDON, WINDHAM, AND HARTFORD COUNTIES.
ENTERED VALLEY FORGE WITH 515 ASSIGNED 272 FIT FOR DUTY, LEFT WITH 333 ASSIGNED, 234 FIT FOR DUTY.

PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENTS : DEFENSE OF PHILADELPHIA, PHILADELPHIA-MONMOUTH.

Staff Officers
Colonel JOHN DURKEE
Lt. Colonel GILES RUSSELL
Major JOHN SUMMER
Company Officers
Captain ABNER BACON
Captain BERIAH BILL
Captain ANDREW FITCH
Captain JOHN HARMON
Captain ROBERT WALLAM
Captain ELISHA LEE
Captain NATHANIEL WEBB
Captain ROBERT DURKEE
Captain JOHN MCGRIEGIER
Captain SIMON SPAULDING
Staff Officers
Chaplain
Quartermaster ANDREW WHEATLY
Adjutant ELCHU MARVIN
Paymaster WILLIAM ADAMS
Surgeon SAMUEL LEE
Surgeon Mate JONATHAN KNIGHT
Quartermaster Sergeant JEDEDIAH HYDE
Sergeant Major DIAH HARTSHORN
Drum Major COOPER POLEGREEN
Fife Major PETER ROGERS

From:
The Record Of Connecticut Men In The Military and Naval Service During The War of the Revolution 1775-1783.
Page 263.
Edited by
Henry P. Johnson, A.M.
Under Authority Of
The Adjutant-General Of Connecticut
Hartford:
1889.
Organization Chart of Col. Durkee's 4th CT:
From: The http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/
and verified in Francis B. Heitman's "Officers of the Continental Army" and C.M. Lesser's "The Sinews of Independence"

(The Wyoming Companies History was transcribed by
Raymond W. LeMay III
Do not republish without permission)