|Uniform Of the 4th CT Line
|Fourth Connecticut Regiment
|of Infantry Continental Line
|(Those of which Capt. Robert Durkee's Company and Capt. Samuel Ransom and Capt. Simon Spalding's United Company would have worn in service)
This regiment, under Colonel John Durkee, was one of those present at Valley Forge, and we find from contemporary accounts that the men who were fortunate enough to secure uniforms, were provided with short brown coats, cut in the common way, double breasted, without lapels, but with red collars and cuffs as a regimental distinction. Some had waistcoats and breeches of brown cloth, others waistcoats and long trousers or overalls of heavy white linen or deerskin, or buckskin breeches with coarse gray woolen stockings.
The sergeants were distinguished by a red cloth epaulet or strip of cloth, on their right shoulder, and the corporals by one of green.
Throughout the war, we find that most of the Connecticut uniforms were brown, faced with buff, white, or red. In 1775, as these Connecticut companies arrived in camp, they were generally uniformed in red, but only the state militia continued to wear that color, after the war started. After 1776 the militia dress was also gradually changed to brown, for we find but little mention of the red coats after 1778.
The drawing shows a corporal, in the uniform of Captain Nathaniel Bishop's company, from the captain's own description in 1777.
"Copyright (c) 1998 SR. All rights reserved. Protected by the copyright laws of the United States and international treaties."
(REFERENCES: Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 775-1776, XV, 484; Records of the State of Connecticut, 1776-1778, 1, 396, 476; American Archives, 4th ser., II, 1738; Connecticut Gazette, April 25, 1777.)
Picture of Uniform From:
(Uniforms of the Armies in the War of the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Lt. Charles M. Lefferts. Limited Edition of 500. New York York Historical Society. New York, NY. 1926. and "Copyright (c) 1998 SR. All rights reserved. Protected by the copyright laws of the United States and international treaties.")